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Adams Medical Equipment Inc. Executives Admit to Fraud in Maryland and Washington, D.C., Medicaid Programs


The defendants’ schemes were not limited to submitting claims for replacement nebulizers. They also engaged in two billing schemes in which they were fraudulently reimbursed $65,211 by Maryland Medicaid



Maryland Attorney General Anthony G. Brown made a significant announcement today regarding the case of Tahir Afzal, Mehmood Ashraf Afzal, and Ayesha Afzal. These individuals, hailing from Frederick, Maryland, and Boca Raton, Florida, respectively, have pleaded guilty to charges of Medicaid fraud. Their actions involved fraudulent billing for durable medical equipment that was neither necessary nor delivered to Medicaid recipients, resulting in a staggering sum of over $550,000.


On December 13, 2023, the defendants admitted their guilt in defrauding both the Maryland and District of Columbia Medicaid programs. Medicaid, a program jointly operated by the federal and state governments, aims to provide healthcare benefits to low-income individuals.


Fast forward to March 15, 2024, when Frederick County Circuit Court Judge Theresa M. Adams handed down the sentences. Tahir Afzal received a five-year incarceration term, with all but two years suspended. He will serve the remaining time under home detention, followed by five years of probation. Mehmood Ashraf Afzal and Ayesha Afzal, on the other hand, were both sentenced to five years of incarceration, with their entire sentences suspended. They will serve three years of probation.


In terms of restitution, the defendants are held accountable for a total of $575,122.40. Remarkably, this full amount was paid at the time of sentencing. Additionally, a civil penalty of the same amount was imposed on the defendants, to be paid over a three-year period starting from the date of sentencing.


Furthermore, as a consequence of their actions, all three defendants are now prohibited from providing healthcare services funded, either partially or entirely, by state or federal governments. This includes Medicaid services for the District of Columbia.


“Crimes that take advantage of the Medicaid system and steal resources from those in need drive up healthcare costs and place a financial strain on an important state program," said Attorney General Brown. "Let this prosecution send a clear message that my office will pursue justice against anyone who manipulates the system for their financial gain."



Adam Medical Equipment Inc. (Adam Medical) was a family-owned and operated durable medical equipment supplier located in Frederick, Maryland, primarily supplying child-friendly cartoon character-themed nebulizers. A nebulizer is a medical device used to treat asthma or other respiratory problems. Tahir Afzal was the president, CEO, and owner of Adam Medical. www.marylandattorneygeneral.gov Mehmood Ashraf Afzal ran the day-to-day operations and Ayesha Afzal was the billing supervisor.


Adam Medical’s business model was to supply replacement nebulizers on a yearly basis, based on time eligibility, when insurance would pay for a new nebulizer, rather than on a physician’s order as is required. Adam Medical operated a “closet program” where they stored nebulizers with compressors at more than 150 pediatricians’ offices across Maryland so that a patient could walk out of the pediatrician’s office with a nebulizer in hand.


Adam Medical billed Medicaid for 2,285 replacement nebulizers, most if not all of which were not medically necessary and many of which were never received by the recipients. As part of Adam Medical’s scheme, they (1) billed yearly for replacement nebulizers without doctors’ orders for refills; (2) billed without doctors’ or patients’ knowledge; (3) billed based on those insured individuals who had low or no deductibles; (4) billed based on type of insurance, distinguishing between Medicaid and private insurers, despite a 5-year warranty that would cover repairs if required; and (5) billed patients who were still in possession of working nebulizers.


The defendants’ schemes were not limited to submitting claims for replacement nebulizers. They also engaged in two billing schemes in which they were fraudulently reimbursed $65,211 by Maryland Medicaid. Both billing schemes utilized pass-through billing – an arrangement in which an authorized provider submits claims to Medicaid as if they provided the services when those services were actually provided by a non-authorized provider who otherwise would not have been entitled to reimbursement. Adam Medical and three other providers then split the reimbursement.


The defendants also took action to conceal their fraudulent practices. Over the course of four years, Adam Medical was audited by multiple insurance companies involved in the Medicaid program. The insurance companies asked the defendants to provide documentation to support claims submitted on specific dates and for specific recipients for nebulizers.


The defendants responded to each audit with forgeries and lies designed to deceive the companies and conceal their fraudulent practices. These acts included: (1) late-delivering nebulizers that had been billed to Medicaid months prior; (2) falsifying signatures and dates on delivery tickets; (3) photoshopping physicians’ orders; and (4) repaying the insurance companies, claiming bills were submitted in error, in order to avoid further scrutiny from the companies.


In pleading guilty to the Maryland fraud, the defendants also resolved criminal charges that were brought by the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Columbia, following an investigation by the D.C. Office of Inspector General’s (OIG) Medicaid Fraud Control Unit (MFCU). The D.C. scheme operated similarly to the fraud scheme in Maryland, and the defendants agreed to pay restitution of $19,461.40 to the D.C. Medicaid program.


In making today’s announcement, Attorney General Brown thanked the Medicaid Fraud and Vulnerable Victims Unit and Assistant Attorneys General Catherine Schuster Pascale and James M.C. McHale, as well as Investigator Gordon Carew, Senior Investigator Shannon Beatty, Senior Investigative Auditor Todd Sheffer, and Senior Investigator Paul Kidd, for their work on the case. Attorney General Brown also thanked D.C. Inspector General Daniel W. Lucas, and the D.C. OIG MFCU’s Special Assistant U.S. Attorney Emmanuela Charles and Assistant Special Agent in Charge Robert E. Bornstein.




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